The green revolution has been basically a contribution of the middle class peasantry who have had traditionally a strong attachment to land and agriculture as a mode of life and livelihood. Green revolution made a departure from the traditional pattern. The family mode of production continued but authority passed from the older to the younger generation. The new agriculture required the skill in the peasant to negotiate with banks, revenue authorities, marketing bodies and block administration.
The new peasant was also required to consult the experts and technicians for irrigation, soil testing, the use of fertilizers and seeds. This role was performed by the younger generation which was educated comparatively more than the older generation. The Green revolution had led to the consolidation of the status of the middle peasantry as a dominant class. The upper caste class groups which traditionally dominated was replaced by the middle peasantry or had to compete with them to maintain their traditional status and power.
They employed a variety of strategies of cooperation, compromises and confrontation .These set of social forces in rural society led increasingly to social polarization, large scale migration to cities, social tensions. The relationship between the middle class peasantry and the lower castes declined and led to exploitation and violence.